A-A+

UNDO块损坏恢复 ORA-00600 KSLFDNG2

2013年12月18日 TroubleShooting 暂无评论 阅读 4,884 次

该篇文章模拟用户活动事物上的UNDO块损坏恢复

数据库版本

SQL> select * from gv$version;

   INST_ID BANNER
---------- --------------------------------------------------------------------------------
         1 Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.3.0 - 64bit Production
         1 PL/SQL Release 11.2.0.3.0 - Production
         1 CORE 11.2.0.3.0      Production
         1 TNS for Linux: Version 11.2.0.3.0 - Production
         1 NLSRTL Version 11.2.0.3.0 - Production

会话1

SQL> sho user
USER is "YALLONKING"
SQL> create table yallonking (
  2     id              number,
  3     name    varchar2(1000),
  4     constraint yallonking_pk primary key (id)
  5  )
  6  ;

Table created.

SQL> insert into yallonking values(1,'yallonking');

1 row created.

SQL> commit;

Commit complete.

会话2(该会话不提交)

SQL> sho user
USER is "YALLONKING"
SQL> update yallonking set name='ORAKING';

1 row updated.

会话3
查看与活动会话2相关的UNDO信息

SQL> sho user
USER is "SYS"
SQL> select XIDUSN,XIDSLOT,XIDSQN,UBAFIL,UBABLK,UBASQN,UBAREC,STATUS,START_SCNB from v$transaction;

    XIDUSN    XIDSLOT     XIDSQN     UBAFIL     UBABLK     UBASQN     UBAREC STATUS           START_SCNB
---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------------- ----------
         5          9        713          3      14581        158         30 ACTIVE               810587

或者

SQL> select INDX,KTUXESTA,KTUXECFL,KTUXEPSQN,KTUXESCNW,KTUXESCNB,KTUXERDBF,KTUXERDBB,KTUXESIZ from x$ktuxe where KTUXESTA='ACTIVE';

      INDX KTUXESTA         KTUXECFL                  KTUXEPSQN  KTUXESCNW  KTUXESCNB  KTUXERDBF  KTUXERDBB   KTUXESIZ
---------- ---------------- ------------------------ ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ---------- ----------
       243 ACTIVE           NONE                              0          0     810587          3      14581          1

转储对应UNDO块

SQL> oradebug setmypid
Statement processed.
SQL> alter system dump datafile 3 block 14581;

System altered.

SQL> oradebug tracefile_name
/u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/ora11gr2/ora11gr2/trace/ora11gr2_ora_12457.trc

trace文件部分内容如下:

UNDO BLK:
xid: 0x0005.009.000002c9  seq: 0x9e  cnt: 0x1e  irb: 0x1e  icl: 0x0   flg: 0x0000

 Rec Offset      Rec Offset      Rec Offset      Rec Offset      Rec Offset
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
0x01 0x1fac     0x02 0x1f08     0x03 0x1ec0     0x04 0x1e90     0x05 0x1e50
0x06 0x1e2c     0x07 0x1c9c     0x08 0x1b70     0x09 0x1ab0     0x0a 0x1a00
0x0b 0x193c     0x0c 0x18d0     0x0d 0x1874     0x0e 0x17c0     0x0f 0x1764
0x10 0x1708     0x11 0x1680     0x12 0x1620     0x13 0x1554     0x14 0x14a4
0x15 0x1428     0x16 0x1378     0x17 0x12cc     0x18 0x121c     0x19 0x1148
0x1a 0x10c0     0x1b 0x1054     0x1c 0x0f80     0x1d 0x0f1c     0x1e 0x0e8c


*-----------------------------
* Rec #0x1e  slt: 0x09  objn: 71482(0x0001173a)  objd: 71482  tblspc: 5(0x00000005)
*       Layer:  11 (Row)   opc: 1   rci 0x00
Undo type:  Regular undo    Begin trans    Last buffer split:  No
Temp Object:  No
Tablespace Undo:  No
rdba: 0x00000000Ext idx: 0
flg2: 0
*-----------------------------
uba: 0x00c038f5.009e.1c ctl max scn: 0x0000.000c5504 prv tx scn: 0x0000.000c55ef
txn start scn: scn: 0x0000.000c5dec logon user: 80
 prev brb: 12597488 prev bcl: 0
KDO undo record:
KTB Redo
op: 0x03  ver: 0x01
compat bit: 4 (post-11) padding: 1
op: Z
KDO Op code: URP row dependencies Disabled
  xtype: XA flags: 0x00000000  bdba: 0x0140004f  hdba: 0x0140004a
itli: 2  ispac: 0  maxfr: 4858
tabn: 0 slot: 0(0x0) flag: 0x2c lock: 0 ckix: 9
ncol: 2 nnew: 1 size: 3
col  1: [10]  79 61 6c 6c 6f 6e 6b 69 6e 67

确认该UNDO块

SQL> set line 50
SQL> select utl_raw.cast_to_varchar2('79616c6c6f6e6b696e67') from dual;

UTL_RAW.CAST_TO_VARCHAR2('79616C6C6F6E6B696E67')
--------------------------------------------------
yallonking

转储UNDO段头

SQL> oradebug setmypid
Statement processed.
SQL> alter system dump undo header '_SYSSMU5_1228822706$';

System altered.

SQL> oradebug tracefile_name
/u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/ora11gr2/ora11gr2/trace/ora11gr2_ora_16827.trc
SQL> oradebug close_trace
Statement processed.

trace文件中也可看见有一个活动会话:

  TRN TBL::
 
  index  state cflags  wrap#    uel         scn            dba            parent-xid    nub     stmt_num    cmt
  ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   0x00    9    0x00  0x02cc  0x0001  0x0000.000c59ea  0x00c038f3  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000  1387333397
   0x01    9    0x00  0x02cf  0x0006  0x0000.000c5a25  0x00c038f3  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000  1387333533
   0x02    9    0x00  0x02ce  0x0010  0x0000.000c578b  0x00c038f3  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000  1387332033
   0x03    9    0x00  0x02cf  0xffff  0x0000.000c5df9  0x00c038f5  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000  1387335346
   0x04    9    0x00  0x02ce  0x0007  0x0000.000c5890  0x00c038f3  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000  1387332632
   0x05    9    0x00  0x02bf  0x0011  0x0000.000c5d3b  0x00c038f7  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000003   0x00000000  1387335318
   0x06    9    0x00  0x02ce  0x001b  0x0000.000c5a4e  0x00c038f3  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000  1387333623
   0x07    9    0x00  0x02cf  0x0015  0x0000.000c5899  0x00c038f3  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000  1387332632
   0x08    9    0x00  0x02ce  0x000f  0x0000.000c5833  0x00c038f3  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000  1387332415
   0x09   10    0x90  0x02c9  0x0002  0x0000.000c5e5b  0x00c038f5  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000  0
   0x0a    9    0x00  0x02ce  0x000d  0x0000.000c5c99  0x00c038ed  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000  1387335128
   0x0b    9    0x00  0x02cd  0x0002  0x0000.000c5763  0x00c038f0  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000  1387332032
   0x0c    9    0x00  0x02ce  0x0016  0x0000.000c58ab  0x00c038f3  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000  1387332632
   0x0d    9    0x00  0x02ce  0x001d  0x0000.000c5ca2  0x00c038f5  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000003   0x00000000  1387335128
   0x0e    9    0x00  0x02cf  0x001c  0x0000.000c5d98  0x00c038f5  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000  1387335334
   0x0f    9    0x00  0x02cd  0x0004  0x0000.000c5887  0x00c038f3  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000  1387332632
   0x10    9    0x00  0x02ce  0x0008  0x0000.000c579f  0x00c038f3  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000  1387332033
   0x11    9    0x00  0x02cb  0x0021  0x0000.000c5d65  0x00c038f5  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000  1387335334
   0x12    9    0x00  0x02cf  0x000e  0x0000.000c5d8d  0x00c038f5  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000  1387335334
   0x13    9    0x00  0x02ce  0x000a  0x0000.000c5c90  0x00c038ed  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000  1387335128
   0x14    9    0x00  0x02cd  0x0012  0x0000.000c5d83  0x00c038f5  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000  1387335334
   0x15    9    0x00  0x02cb  0x000c  0x0000.000c58a2  0x00c038f3  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000  1387332632
   0x16    9    0x00  0x02cd  0x001e  0x0000.000c58b4  0x00c038f3  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000  1387332632
   0x17    9    0x00  0x02ce  0x0013  0x0000.000c5bf0  0x00c038f3  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000  1387334732
   0x18    9    0x00  0x02cb  0x0000  0x0000.000c58c6  0x00c038f3  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000  1387332632
   0x19    9    0x00  0x02ce  0x0014  0x0000.000c5d79  0x00c038f5  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000  1387335334
   0x1a    9    0x00  0x02ce  0x0003  0x0000.000c5ddc  0x00c038f5  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000  1387335345
   0x1b    9    0x00  0x02cc  0x0017  0x0000.000c5be6  0x00c038f3  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000  1387334732
   0x1c    9    0x00  0x02cc  0x001a  0x0000.000c5dcd  0x00000000  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000000   0x00000000  1387335345
   0x1d    9    0x00  0x02cd  0x0005  0x0000.000c5d31  0x00c038f5  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000  1387335318
   0x1e    9    0x00  0x02cb  0x0018  0x0000.000c58bd  0x00c038f3  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000  1387332632
   0x1f    9    0x00  0x02cc  0x0020  0x0000.000c56ce  0x00c038f0  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000  1387331730
   0x20    9    0x00  0x02cd  0x000b  0x0000.000c56f6  0x00c038f0  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000  1387331815
   0x21    9    0x00  0x02cd  0x0019  0x0000.000c5d6f  0x00c038f5  0x0000.000.00000000  0x00000001   0x00000000  1387335334

注:9-inactive 10-active

下边使用bbed将会话2中未提交事务产生的UNDO人为损坏

BBED> set dba 3,14581
        DBA             0x00c038f5 (12597493 3,14581)

BBED> find /c yallonking
 File: /u01/app/oracle/oradata/ora11gr2/undotbs01.dbf (3)
 Block: 14581            Offsets: 3876 to 4387           Dba:0x00c038f5
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 79616c6c 6f6e6b69 6e671835 0c001800 20001400 03000600 25180000 25180000 
 00000000 00000000 0a16031c 0000cf02 040d0000 00000000 04000800 b9020000 
 5603c000 c1000500 00800000 f75d0c00 05020100 b8324000 b9324000 00000000 
 00000709 02c15430 004032b1 00000200 12004c00 20003100 02000200 0e000200 
 020006c5 24180000 24180000 00000000 00000000 0b010300 080c0100 00000000 
 f538c000 9e001a00 f7540c00 00000000 04550c00 00000000 00000000 f85d0c00 
 0000a50e f038c000 00000000 00000000 040d0000 00000000 02000b00 d9020000 
 9300c000 d5001700 00800000 f55d0c00 b1324000 b0324000 ff120201 01000000 
 2c000597 00000000 f02a3c97 00000000 01000000 01000000 1e000000 00600000 
 a84b2a63 c1542100 c10480ea 53595324 4241434b 47524f55 4e44c102 c1020e1d 
 c1026302 0a001800 20001400 120006c5 fc190000 fc190000 01000000 00000000 
 0a161a1a 0000ce02 040d1400 4c002000 06001600 62030000 fc0ac000 ae003100 
 00800000 d99c0b00 0302018d ca198000 cb198000 00000000 00000000 06c50214 
 352c5c02 c1020778 710c120b 382f06c5 08004c00 20001400 fb190000 fb190000 
 01000000 00000000 0b011a00 080c0100 00000000 f838c000 9e000100 eb540c00 
 00000000 f7540c00 00000000 00000000 db5d0c00 00000000 f038c000 00000000 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> dump /v dba 3,14581 offset 3876 count 10
 File: /u01/app/oracle/oradata/ora11gr2/undotbs01.dbf (3)
 Block: 14581   Offsets: 3876 to 3885  Dba:0x00c038f5
-------------------------------------------------------
 79616c6c 6f6e6b69 6e67              l yallonking

 <16 bytes per line>
 
BBED> p kcbh             
struct kcbh, 20 bytes                       @0       
   ub1 type_kcbh                            @0        0x02
   ub1 frmt_kcbh                            @1        0xa2
   ub1 spare1_kcbh                          @2        0x00
   ub1 spare2_kcbh                          @3        0x00
   ub4 rdba_kcbh                            @4        0x00c038f5
   ub4 bas_kcbh                             @8        0x000c5e5e
   ub2 wrp_kcbh                             @12       0x0000
   ub1 seq_kcbh                             @14       0x01
   ub1 flg_kcbh                             @15       0x04 (KCBHFCKV)
   ub2 chkval_kcbh                          @16       0xdb3b
   ub2 spare3_kcbh                          @18       0x0000

BBED> set mode edit
        MODE            Edit

BBED> modify /x ff dba 3,14581 offset 14
 File: /u01/app/oracle/oradata/ora11gr2/undotbs01.dbf (3)
 Block: 14581            Offsets:   14 to   23           Dba:0x00c038f5
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 ff043bdb 00000500 0900 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> sum dba 3,14581 apply;
Check value for File 3, Block 14581:
current = 0xdbc5, required = 0xdbc5

验证坏块

BBED> VERIFY dba 3,14581
DBVERIFY - Verification starting
FILE = /u01/app/oracle/oradata/ora11gr2/undotbs01.dbf
BLOCK = 14581

Block 14581 is corrupt
Corrupt block relative dba: 0x00c038f5 (file 0, block 14581)
Fractured block found during verification
Data in bad block:
 type: 2 format: 2 rdba: 0x00c038f5
 last change scn: 0x0000.000c5e5e seq: 0xff flg: 0x04
 spare1: 0x0 spare2: 0x0 spare3: 0x0
 consistency value in tail: 0x5e5e0201
 check value in block header: 0xdbc5
 computed block checksum: 0x0


DBVERIFY - Verification complete

Total Blocks Examined         : 1
Total Blocks Processed (Data) : 0
Total Blocks Failing   (Data) : 0
Total Blocks Processed (Index): 0
Total Blocks Failing   (Index): 0
Total Blocks Empty            : 0
Total Blocks Marked Corrupt   : 1
Total Blocks Influx           : 2
Message 531 not found;  product=RDBMS; facility=BBED

[oracle@rhl6 ~]$ dbv file='/u01/app/oracle/oradata/ora11gr2/undotbs01.dbf'

DBVERIFY: Release 11.2.0.3.0 - Production on Wed Dec 18 11:46:53 2013

Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.

DBVERIFY - Verification starting : FILE = /u01/app/oracle/oradata/ora11gr2/undotbs01.dbf
Page 14581 is influx - most likely media corrupt
Corrupt block relative dba: 0x00c038f5 (file 3, block 14581)
Fractured block found during dbv: 
Data in bad block:
 type: 2 format: 2 rdba: 0x00c038f5
 last change scn: 0x0000.000c5e5e seq: 0xff flg: 0x04
 spare1: 0x0 spare2: 0x0 spare3: 0x0
 consistency value in tail: 0x5e5e0201
 check value in block header: 0xdbc5
 computed block checksum: 0x0



DBVERIFY - Verification complete

Total Pages Examined         : 39680
Total Pages Processed (Data) : 0
Total Pages Failing   (Data) : 0
Total Pages Processed (Index): 0
Total Pages Failing   (Index): 0
Total Pages Processed (Other): 39678
Total Pages Processed (Seg)  : 10
Total Pages Failing   (Seg)  : 0
Total Pages Empty            : 1
Total Pages Marked Corrupt   : 1
Total Pages Influx           : 1
Total Pages Encrypted        : 0
Highest block SCN            : 812058 (0.812058)

查看报错信息

SQL> select * from yallonking;
select * from yallonking
              *
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01578: ORACLE data block corrupted (file # 3, block # 14581)
ORA-01110: data file 3: '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/ora11gr2/undotbs01.dbf'

ALERT日志中报错:(截取部分)

ORACLE Instance ora11gr2 (pid = 13) - Error 600 encountered while recovering transaction (5, 9).
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/ora11gr2/ora11gr2/trace/ora11gr2_smon_14261.trc:
ORA-00600: internal error code, arguments: [KSLFDNG2], [0x097892340], [0], [0x0968BBCD0], [0x000000000], [], [], [], [], [], [], []
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/ora11gr2/ora11gr2/trace/ora11gr2_mmon_14265.trc  (incident=8554):
ORA-01578: ORACLE data block corrupted (file # 3, block # 14581)
ORA-01110: data file 3: '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/ora11gr2/undotbs01.dbf'
Errors in file /u01/app/oracle/diag/rdbms/ora11gr2/ora11gr2/trace/ora11gr2_mmon_14265.trc  (incident=9635):
ORA-01578: ORACLE data block corrupted (file # 3, block # 14581)
ORA-01110: data file 3: '/u01/app/oracle/oradata/ora11gr2/undotbs01.dbf'
minact-scn: got error during useg scan e:1578 usn:5
minact-scn: useg scan erroring out with error e:1578
Instance terminated by PMON, pid = 14236

随后数据库down掉

修复
尝试_offline_rollback_segments和_corrupted_rollback_segments来跳过坏块,均失败
下边用bbed修改回原来状态

BBED> set dba 1,512
        DBA             0x00400200 (4194816 1,512)

BBED> p kcbh
struct kcbh, 20 bytes                       @0       
   ub1 type_kcbh                            @0        0x10
   ub1 frmt_kcbh                            @1        0xa2
   ub1 spare1_kcbh                          @2        0x00
   ub1 spare2_kcbh                          @3        0x00
   ub4 rdba_kcbh                            @4        0x00400200
   ub4 bas_kcbh                             @8        0x000add35
   ub2 wrp_kcbh                             @12       0x0000
   ub1 seq_kcbh                             @14       0x01
   ub1 flg_kcbh                             @15       0x04 (KCBHFCKV)
   ub2 chkval_kcbh                          @16       0xd217
   ub2 spare3_kcbh                          @18       0x0000

BBED> set dba 3,14581
        DBA             0x00c038f5 (12597493 3,14581)

BBED> p kcbh
struct kcbh, 20 bytes                       @0       
   ub1 type_kcbh                            @0        0x02
   ub1 frmt_kcbh                            @1        0xa2
   ub1 spare1_kcbh                          @2        0x00
   ub1 spare2_kcbh                          @3        0x00
   ub4 rdba_kcbh                            @4        0x00c038f5
   ub4 bas_kcbh                             @8        0x000c5e5e
   ub2 wrp_kcbh                             @12       0x0000
   ub1 seq_kcbh                             @14       0xff
   ub1 flg_kcbh                             @15       0x04 (KCBHFCKV)
   ub2 chkval_kcbh                          @16       0xdbc5
   ub2 spare3_kcbh                          @18       0x0000
   
BBED> set mode edit
        MODE            Edit

BBED> modify /x 01 dba 3,14581 offset 14
Warning: contents of previous BIFILE will be lost. Proceed? (Y/N) y
 File: /u01/app/oracle/oradata/ora11gr2/undotbs01.dbf (3)
 Block: 14581            Offsets:   14 to  525           Dba:0x00c038f5
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 0104c5db 00000500 0900c902 00009e00 1e1e0000 e81fac1f 081fc01e 901e501e 
 2c1e9c1c 701bb01a 001a3c19 d0187418 c0176417 08178016 20165415 a4142814 
 7813cc12 1c124811 c0105410 800f1c0f 8c0e0500 1e00c402 0000f238 c0009b00 
 03000100 00000000 00000500 0100c802 0000f438 c0009b00 06008c00 00000000 
 00000e00 000077ea 80000224 80000001 85050100 0000f000 04020602 02000000 
 00000000 000076ea 80000600 0000601f 0000411f 551c741c 931cb21c d11cf11c 
 111d311d 511d701d 8f1dae1d cd1dec1d 0b1e2a1e 491e681e 871ea61e c51ee41e 
 031f221f 25134413 63138313 a313c313 e3130314 23144314 62148114 a014bf14 
 df14ff14 1f153e15 5d157c15 9b15ba15 d915f915 19163916 59167916 9816b716 
 d616f516 14173317 52177217 9117b017 cf17ee17 0d182d18 4d186d18 8d18ac18 
 cb18ea18 09192819 47196619 8519a419 c319e319 031a231a 421a611a 801a9f1a 
 be1add1a fc1a1c1b 3c1b5d1b 7c1b9b1b ba1bd91b f81b171c 361c0602 24024202 
 60027f02 9d02bb02 d902f802 17033603 55037403 9303b203 d103f003 0f042f04 
 4f046f04 8e04ad04 cc04eb04 0a052905 48056705 8605a505 c405e305 02062106 
 40065f06 7e069d06 bc06db06 fa061a07 3a075907 79079807 b707d607 f5071408 
 33085208 72089208 b108d008 ef080e09 2e094d09 6d098d09 ad09cd09 ec090b0a 

 <32 bytes per line>

BBED> p kcbh
struct kcbh, 20 bytes                       @0       
   ub1 type_kcbh                            @0        0x02
   ub1 frmt_kcbh                            @1        0xa2
   ub1 spare1_kcbh                          @2        0x00
   ub1 spare2_kcbh                          @3        0x00
   ub4 rdba_kcbh                            @4        0x00c038f5
   ub4 bas_kcbh                             @8        0x000c5e5e
   ub2 wrp_kcbh                             @12       0x0000
   ub1 seq_kcbh                             @14       0x01
   ub1 flg_kcbh                             @15       0x04 (KCBHFCKV)
   ub2 chkval_kcbh                          @16       0xdbc5
   ub2 spare3_kcbh                          @18       0x0000

BBED> sum dba 3,14581 apply;
Check value for File 3, Block 14581:
current = 0xdb3b, required = 0xdb3b

BBED> VERIFY dba 3,14581
DBVERIFY - Verification starting
FILE = /u01/app/oracle/oradata/ora11gr2/undotbs01.dbf
BLOCK = 14581


DBVERIFY - Verification complete

Total Blocks Examined         : 1
Total Blocks Processed (Data) : 0
Total Blocks Failing   (Data) : 0
Total Blocks Processed (Index): 0
Total Blocks Failing   (Index): 0
Total Blocks Empty            : 0
Total Blocks Marked Corrupt   : 0
Total Blocks Influx           : 0
Message 531 not found;  product=RDBMS; facility=BBED

   
SQL> startup
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area  939495424 bytes
Fixed Size                  2233960 bytes
Variable Size             549456280 bytes
Database Buffers          381681664 bytes
Redo Buffers                6123520 bytes
Database mounted.
Database opened.
SQL> col NAME for a30
SQL> select * from yallonking.yallonking;

        ID NAME
---------- ------------------------------
         1 yallonking   
   

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